THE HUFFAZ OF BARBADOS
- By Suleiman Bulbulia
- Published 07/22/2013
As the blessed month of Ramadan steadily progresses Muslims in Barbados complete their fasts during the daylight hours and after Iftar flock to the masajid and other special places arranged for the taraweeh prayers.
Barbadian Muslims over the years have benefitted from listening to a portion of the Holy Quran from the very beginning being recited every night by huffaz (pl of hafiz, memorizer of the Holy Quran) during the taraweeh prayers with completion taking place during the last ten nights of Ramadan.
|Madina Masjid (City Mosque) Bridgetown. Taraweeh prayers are relayed live via radio frequency every night from this masjid to homes which have the radio receivers|
This practice is not new among the Muslim community whose majority traces their roots to the villages of Gujurat, India or who themselves have migrated from there. Muslims there look strongly to this tradition of having at least one hafiz in the family as a source of blessings and pride. In fact Sabir Nakhuda in his recently published book, Bengal to Barbados, noted that among the first Gujurati Muslims to arrive in Barbados in 1929 was a hafiz, Suleiman Kasooji. His knowledge of the Quran and the fact that he was a hafiz made him the leader of the prayers and teacher among the early Muslims to Barbados.
History records that as the revelations came to the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, his companions would commit the verses to memory. Wikipedia explains Hafiz-ul-Quran as follows:
“The Arabs preserved their histories, genealogies, and poetry by memory alone. When Muhammad proclaimed the verses later collected as the Qur'an, his followers naturally preserved the words by memorizing them. Early accounts say that the literate Muslims also wrote down such verses as they heard them. However, the Arabic writing of the time was an incomplete script, that did not include vowel markings or other diacritics needed to distinguish between words. Hence if there was any question as to the pronunciation of a verse, the memorized verses were a better source than the written ones. The huffaz were also highly appreciated as reciters, whose intoned words were accessible even to the illiterate. Memorization required no expensive raw materials (in an age when there was no paper in the Muslim world, only vellum). Memorization was also considered more secure—a manuscript could easily be destroyed, but if the Qur'an was to be memorized by many huffaz, it would never be lost. Even after Caliph Uthman ibn Affan collected and organized the Qur'an circa 650-656 CE, recitation (from memory) of the Qur'an was still honored and encouraged. Huffaz are highly respected within the Islamic community. They are privileged to use the title "Hafiz" before their names. Most huffaz have studied as children in special Islamic schools or madrasahs, being instructed in tajwid (rules of recitation) and vocalisation as well as committing the Qur'an to memory. To give some idea as to the nature of this undertaking: The Qur'an is divided into 114 Surahs (chapters), containing 6,236 verses (comprising some 80,000 words or 330,000 individual characters). In the classical Arabic lexicon, the word hafiz was not traditionally used to refer to one who had memorized the Qur'an. Instead, the word used was hamil (i.e., one who carries.) Hafiz was used for the scholars of hadith.”
In Ramadan 2013 in Barbados, an island of only 166sq.miles, a record 50 to 60 hafiz are leading taraweeh prayers at various locations on the island. From the established masajid to musallas (prayer rooms) to special places just set up for the purpose of taraweeh to a group of Muslim moving around the island in a ‘jamaat’ for the first 20 days of Ramadan under the guidance of Barbadian, Mufti and hafiz, Saeed Adam, praying their taraweeh prayers sometimes under coconut trees. Muslims in Barbados are having the opportunity of hearing the complete recitation of the Holy Quran. Additionally, huffaz from Barbados are being ‘exported’ to lead taraweeh prayers in other islands across the region that does not have the luxury of huffaz in their own communities. Within the last five years huffaz have travelled to Guyana, Trinidad, St. Lucia and Jamaica to lead taraweeh prayers. Some have even travelled to the United States. And this year for the first time a Barbadian hafiz have travelled thousands of miles to the other side of the world, to Japan. Hafiz Mohamed Patel who represented Barbados in the Holy Quran International Award in Dubai two years ago was invited to Tokyo to lead taraweeh prayers. Sharing his experience thus far, hafiz Mohamed says he is extremely excited to be in such a different place, seeing new things and having new experiences.
With the growing number of huffaz, Barbados has been able to participate in several international Holy Quran competitions, last year saw huffaz being sent to represent Barbados in competitions in Dubai, Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Libya and Moscow, Russia. In the 17 annual Holy Quran Award in Dubai this year Barbados was represented by hafiz Arshad Patel, the 11 year that the island has sent a hafiz to compete in this prestigious competition whose prizes are extremely generous.
|Hafiz Arshad Patel competing in Quran Recitation competition in Dubai|
Female memorizers are not left out as there are also some in the community and some on their way to completion. A few years ago a hafiza represented Barbados at an all female competition in Tripoli, Libya. And while traditionally memorizing begins at an early age we have had persons in their 50’s as well making the effort and being successful at completion.
Ramadan certainly brings to light the fact that the practice and culture of memorizing the Holy Quran has taken root among the Muslims of Barbados. Noteworthy is that all the appointed Imams of the three main masajid are both scholars of Islam and hafiz-ul-Quran. As many families draw their inspiration from several ahadith on the subject the following 2 sayings of the beloved Messenger of Allah perhaps creates a strong motivation to continue this tradition well into the future with at least one hafiz/hafiza in each Muslim household in Barbados not an unrealistic goal.
“The likeness of the one who reads Qur'an and memorizes it is that he is with the righteous honourable scribes. The likeness of the one who reads it and tries hard to memorize it even though it is difficult for him, he will have two rewards.”
"Whoever reads the Qur'an and learns and acts according to it, will be adorned on the Day of Judgment with a crown of Light whose gleam is like that of the sun, and his parents will be dressed in two garments that the world can never he equal to. Thereupon, they will question, 'For what reason are we dressed in these garments?' lt will be said, 'This is by virtue of your son who memorized the Qur'an. "
Sadly just before Ramadan the Muslim community buried a hafiz, not an old person, but one who was stricken with cancer. At his janazah his teenage son, who recently completed his hifz, led the prayers bringing some comfort that the legacy of memorization of the Holy Quran would continue in Barbados.