Music continued to flourish in medieval India in spite of the acquisition of political power by the Turks, Afghans and Mughals. It
was patronized and thrived at the imperial courts of Muslim kings in
Delhi and Agra and at the centers of provincial kingdoms like the
Sharqui kingdom of Jaunpur, the Khilji kingdom of Malwa and the Bahmani
kingdom of Bijapur and Golcunda.
In his memoirs Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, has named
several leading musicians of his time including Sheikh Ghuran, Sheikh
Adhan, Khawaja Abdullah Marwareed, Sheikh Nai, Sheikh Quli, Ghulam
Saadi, Meer Anju and many others. It is believed that the renowned
musician Baiju Bawra was among the musicians in Humayun’s court.